The Trump administration has finalized plans to open the million-acre Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska to oil and gas drilling for the first time.
The decision caps decades of efforts by oil and gas companies and some Alaska leaders to allow drilling in the wilderness area, even as environmental activists warn that allowing it could threaten polar bears and other wildlife. The analysis also includes data on how oil and gas production in the United States has changed in recent years. All findings are drawn from previously published Pew Research Center surveys and studies. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Home U. Main More. Long-tailed ducks fly along a barrier island outside Kaktovik, Alaska, on the edge of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
Just one-in-five adults said the more important priority should be to expand the production of oil, coal and natural gas. Share this link:.Ielts exam date in maldives
Popular on pew research. Research Areas. Follow Us. We need to confirm your email address. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you.Works Cited Arnold, Andrew.
Dombrowski, Kirk. Dunn, Seth. Gildart, Ben. This Act acknowledged the fact that there was a lack of knowledge about the ocean ecosystem. This was an important insight and "At its core, NEPA requires federal agencies to produce an environmental impact statement EIS whenever they propose a major federal action" but " it was unclear from the original language of the statute whether the. According to 'Live Science' when it comes to oil drilling "there are extremes on both sides.
With declining oil reserves attention of society, and the oil companies, to identify potential new oil reserves. There have been articles published which. A petroleum geologist against drilling in the area writes, "For all practical purposes, the refuge is utterly pristine.
It also encompasses an area 26 times larger than Yosemite National Park, almost nine times the size of Yellowstone" Herndon. While few visitors seek out the Refuge, there are several small native villages in and around the area, and these Native Americans rely on the bounty of the Refuge for their. This was good for those that felt OPEC was getting too strong because these changes would have been very difficult to make had the embargo and the oil prices not become such an issue Reid, Many countries begin to look for alternatives to the supplies that they were getting from Arab nations and in the years immediately following the embargo many efforts would be directed at the promotion of.
Read Full Term Paper. Sources Used in Documents:. Cite This Term Paper:. Related Documents:. Oil Increased Access to Offshore. Drilling for Oil in the. Oil Crisis of Its. Related Documents.Some of the concerns involve the Eskimos, the fossil fuel question, the environmental impact, the disruption drilling has on the sea and the chance of oil spills. These topics are being addressed while the drilling marches forward which puts the topic in a time crunch in environmental eyes.
The affects the drilling has on the environment and those who live in the area must be considered and addressed if the drilling is going to be productive to the world. As an American, I consume my fair share of oil.
Weather it be for my car, or heating my home, I admit, I do. However it is a very important part of my life Professional team of writers is able to craft custom essay from scratch according to your instructions. We are ready to satisfy writing needs of every demanding customer.
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Economic Implications of Arctic Oil Drilling
I really thank you that you were there when I needed help in my term paper. Your company Get a price quote. Title: oil drilling in alaska. Essay Details:. Subject: Science. Author: Melissa H.In: Science. SCI Dependence of Man on the environment July 11, Abstract The rising cost of gas has been a great debate for consumers and congress.
Consumers are finding it more and more disturbing that gas is increasing what is it going to take to make the prices decrease? Is oil drilling here in the United Stated the best thing to do? Oil Drilling has been a topic for our government for years. It seems that the debate is that oil should be drilled hear in our United States.
Some have stated that oil drilling would be costly. But it would also reduce the amount we consumers spend on gas. If drilling was to take place there is an area in Alaska where the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is. I hope to show the positive side of oil drilling in Alaska and the negative affects it will have on oil drilling.
As we look at both sides of why to drill and why not we can explore just what seems to be the big problem we and what the decision Oil, the staple that provides energy for just about everyone on earth today, is a current hot topic of discussion among politicians, engineers, scientists, environmentalists, and everyday citizens.
Oil has been around since ancient times but oils potential was never realized until the nineteenth century. Is oil starting to be overrun by environmentalists?
How long will current oil reserves last? Is oil currently the best and most efficient means of energy production? Should we worry about expanding oil production around the world? These questions and many more are dominating the conversations of energy producers and politicians worldwide. The oil we use today is a byproduct of ancient fossilized organic material. Most oil deposits are found where ancient oceans, seas and lake beds existed.
As material such as: zooplankton, algae and other organic materials fell to the floor it was trapped under mud and sand. The speed at which the organic material covered the floor did not allow for its proper decomposition before it was covered with layers of sand or mud.
Over time, the areas were buried under sedimentary rock, which caused extreme pressures and heat. This heat and pressure exerted as time passed developed the crude oils we see today. The quality and composition of the crude oil varies based upon the hydrocarbon makeup of the petroleum.
Petroleum was first used to provide kerosene for lighting in the mid nineteenth century. Demand for the less expensive Oil Drilling Jasmine A.The Arctic Refuge has long been recognized as an unparalleled place of natural beauty and ecological importance.
The Arctic Refuge was established to conserve fish and wildlife populations and habitats in their natural diversity, as well as provide the opportunity for local residents to continue their subsistence way of life. The U. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional academic writers. Here you can order a professional work. Find a price that suits your requirements.Top college essay ghostwriting service us
This order established the 8. As expected, this proposition of the This order closed the area to mineral entry. This wildlife sanctuary is an awe-inspiring natural wonder. It contains an expanse of tundra with many marshes and lagoons with rivers situated between foothills of the Brooks Range and the wide, icy waters of the Beaufort Sea.
The Arctic is home to such animals as caribou, polar bears, grizzly bears, musk oxen, whales, wolves and snow geese. This area is full of wildflowers and contains water of excellent, unpolluted quality and quantity. With all the good the Arctic National Wildlife refuge has to offer as a safe haven for endangered animals and plant life, comes the burden of sitting on an oil reserve. As noted earlier inunder President Carter, the protected area was doubled.
However, the oil industry lobbies succeeded in having the U.Essay service management training program
Senate refuse to designate the critically important Costal Plain as wilderness. It is understood that oil and gas drilling comes along with various harmful environmental challenges.
This is more so in the environmentally sensitive areas like the offshore in the ocean regions.In: Science. Stop Offshore Drilling The environmental impacts of offshore oil drilling greatly outweigh the economic benefits provided.
Although it has been a continuous activity for more than a decade, One can not help but wonder why offshore drilling continues when considering the pollution caused, how it eliminates the supply of natural resources, murders innocent sea creatures, and actually damages the national economy. There are, however, solutions to this problem.
Before solutions can be presented, it is important to discuss the various problems. First, offshore oil drilling results in both sea and land based pollution.
The Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, claims that "with offshore drilling comes substantial routine pollution in the forms of oil and gas. Nothing is ever done about the pollution, and until something is done about the oil being put into the sea, our oceans are at risk.
So just how much oil is put in the oceans? According to a study conducted by the World Research Institute, " To put this in perspective, that is approximately 4 football stadiums filled to the top with oil.
That is just every year In total, 45 million tons of oil in the past ten years that have been put into the oceans. There are several ways that oil ends up Alexander Payne - Engineering Student, University of West Florida Abstract - This report will take an objective look at the possibilities of drilling for oil in Alaska. We will take a look at all of the possible benefits and good that could come out of this, as well as all of the drawbacks and negative effects that can come from drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
This report will also take a look at some possible alternatives to drilling for oil in ANWR that could possibly reap the same benefits, if not more.
Drilling for Oil in Alaska Term Paper
Introduction: Oil and its uses 1 What is Oil? Oil is considered to be one of three main fossil fuels, the other two being coal and natural gas. As you probably know, fossil fuels are nonrenewable because it takes far too many years for nature to reproduce what we are taking away from it. Just to name off some other uses, oil can SCI Dependence of Man on the environment July 11, Abstract The rising cost of gas has been a great debate for consumers and congress.
Consumers are finding it more and more disturbing that gas is increasing what is it going to take to make the prices decrease? Is oil drilling here in the United Stated the best thing to do? Oil Drilling has been a topic for our government for years.
It seems that the debate is that oil should be drilled hear in our United States. Some have stated that oil drilling would be costly. But it would also reduce the amount we consumers spend on gas. If drilling was to take place there is an area in Alaska where the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is. I hope to show the positive side of oil drilling in Alaska and the negative affects it will have on oil drilling. As we look at both sides of why to drill and why not we can explore just what seems to be the big problem we and what the decision Most the current providers are from places like the Middle East and South America.This paradox is steadfastly centered through the debate of oil drilling on the Coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
The debate is considered and argued by diverse and infinitely intertwined societal organizations. The foremost of these organizations include the United States Federal Government, the government of the state of Alaska, various environmental groups, and the native populations of the region.
Each of these groups have deep seeded motivations and internalized philosophies underlying specific positional tendencies, influences, and arguments. In considering this especially pervasive debate, it is these individual and group nuances that are most beneficial and revealing in philosophical exploration necessary for obtaining an informed, profound argument for a conclusive and convincing position within this continuingly discussion.
Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional academic writers. Here you can order a professional work.
Find a price that suits your requirements. In considering the motivational philosophies of what can be considered the foremost groups or individuals involved in the discussion, it is useful to separate the arguments into two somewhat obvious partitions: those in support of oil drilling, and those against it.
The chief argument in support of the drilling for oil seems to be promise of economic prosperity in the form of reduced foreign dependency, a significantly boosted United States Gross National Product, greatly improved nationwide employment, and widespread individual economic betterment in exchange for little negative environmental implication.
The chief counter argument also seems to be in favor of similar economic prosperity. However, this counter argument recommends much more environmentally concerned means to obtain the same economic goals in the form of suggestions towards improving fuel efficiency and pursuing other economically profitable means of reducing the overall need for such environmentally harmful activities in the first place.
It is entirely my own work and has not been submitted to any other University or higher education institution, or for any other academic award in this University. Where use has been made of the work of other people it has been fully acknowledged and fully referenced.
Trump Administration Finalizes Plan to Open Arctic Refuge to Drilling
The statistics in support and against both sides of this debate can be quite overwhelming if one chooses to consolidate, compare, and contrast the numbers in order to determine some sort of conclusion. Those in support of the oil drilling can tell you all about the possible number of oil barrels with potential for recovery.
Furthermore, these supporters can relate those numbers to personal financial numbers, regional financial numbers, national financial numbers, and exponential economic and individual statistical implications.
They can also give you figures on environmental impacts such as the estimation that only one percent of this arctic refuge will be involved leaving the other 99 percent to be as it may. In similar fashion, those against oil drilling can provide still more figures in support of the other alternatives until such a full immersion in seemingly relevant statistics and numbers takes place such that the issue at stake can be lost!
Such statistical approach, or any such surface oriented individual argument consideration, is not the best way to properly consider or think about any specifically laid out ethical paradox such as the drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.
oil drilling in alaska
What must be considered in any ethical paradox are the underlying philosophies, methods of thinking, and modes of identification that are ultimately at the heart of the sentiments fueling such debate. Only then can a particular decision making process begin to take shape, form, and facilitate practical applications and implications in view of some sort of fundamentally sound and uplifting purposeful goal.
With the current market trends and the increased demand for crude products, many governments are trying various means to look for alternative reservoirs to meet the needs of consumers and industries.
In the United States, one important agenda that the government is advocating involves a program that will address the current needs of American society — exhausting its oil reserves in Alaska.
In line with this much more profound spirit of exploration, is a very similar approach advocated by a widely recognizable environmental scholar, Warwick Fox. It is also the belief of Fox that ethical platforms, general rules and adherences, and finally specific applications, are derived from the ultimate premises and philosophies that are deeply internalized in individual or group modes of thought.
In the ethical debate at hand, this approach is particularly revealing. When considering the arguments in favor of drilling for oil, the ultimate premise is obviously economic.
Those who support detriment to the environment to drill for oil clairvoyantly envision the potential for economic benefits and growth.
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